In a systematic review and meta-analysis published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers at Children’s National Hospital found that interventions focused on health, environment and community were associated with the greatest reduction in asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among children. The findings suggest that addressing social risks may be a crucial component of pediatric asthma care to improve health outcomes.
“There are persistent and striking disparities in asthma outcomes among children,” said Jordan Tyris, M.D., hospitalist fellow at Children’s National and lead author. “Understanding how to address these is of utmost importance.”
“Literature on the spectrum of social factors, including social needs, social risks and social determinants, has increased recently across many aspects of health care,” adds Dr. Tyris. “But much of this literature has focused on adults with chronic conditions, for example diabetes or high blood pressure.”
The study authors searched PubMed, Scopus, PsychINFO, SocINDEX and CINAHL from January 2008 to June 2021 for U.S.-based studies evaluating the associations of interventions addressing one or more social risks with asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among children. The systematic review included 38 of the original 641 identified articles (6%), and the meta-analysis included 19 articles (3%). Overall, participation in social risk–based interventions, particularly those that addressed health literacy, home environmental conditions and peer support were associated with significantly reduced risks for asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among children.
You can read the full study, “Social Risk Interventions and Health Care Utilization for Pediatric Asthma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis” in JAMA Pediatrics.