Cancer

desktop computer showing the CNRI Annual Report

Driving pediatric breakthroughs through 2023

desktop computer showing the CNRI Annual ReportThe Children’s National Research Institute released its 2022-2023 Academic Annual Report. In the report, a summary of the past academic year highlights the accomplishments of each of the institute’s research centers, provides research funding figures and exalts some of the institute’s biggest milestones.

The stories in the report are a testament to the hard work and dedication of everyone at the Children’s National Research Institute.

We celebrated five decades of leadership and mentorship of Naomi Luban, M.D., and her incredible accomplishments in the W@TCH program, which have been instrumental in shaping the future of pediatric research.

We also celebrated innovation, highlighting our recent FDA award to lead a pediatric device consortium, which recognizes our commitment to developing innovative medical devices that improve the lives of children.

Breakthroughs at the Research & Innovation Campus continued as our researchers worked tirelessly to develop new treatments and therapies that will transform the lives of children and families around the world.

Taking a look at the breakthroughs happening in our now six research centers, we spotlighted the following stories:

  • Reflecting on decades of progress in the blood, marrow and cell therapy programs at Children’s National. Our researchers have made significant strides in this field, and we are proud to be at the forefront of these life-saving treatments.
  • In genetic medicine, we continue to be a beacon of hope for families facing rare and complex conditions. Our researchers are making incredible breakthroughs that are changing the landscape of pediatric medicine.
  • We are also proud to share the $90 million award received from an anonymous donor to support pediatric brain tumor research. The predominant focus of this award is to develop new treatments that will improve outcomes for children with this devastating disease.
  • This year, we opened a new Center that enhances our research capabilities in the field of Prenatal, Neonatal & Maternal Health Research. We are excited about the possibilities this new center will bring and look forward to the discoveries that will emerge from it.
  • In addition, we are driving future pandemic readiness with the NIH funded Pediatric Pandemic Network. Our researchers are using cutting-edge technology and innovative approaches to prepare for the next pandemic and protect children.
  • We are also exploring the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) in pediatric breakthroughs. Our researchers are using machine learning and other AI techniques to develop new treatments and therapies that will transform the lives of children.
collage of news outlet logos

Children’s National in the News: 2023

collage of news outlet logos
Explore some of the notable medical advancements and stories of bravery that defined 2023, showcasing the steadfast commitment of healthcare professionals at Children’s National Hospital and the resilient spirit of the children they support. Delve into our 2023 news highlights for more.

1. COVID during pregnancy dramatically increases the risk of complications and maternal death, large new study finds

According to a study published in British Medical Journal Global Health, women who get COVID during pregnancy are nearly eight times more likely to die and face a significantly elevated risk of ICU admission and pneumonia. Sarah Mulkey, M.D., prenatal-neonatologist neurologist, discussed findings based on her work with pregnant women and their babies.
(Fortune)

2. Rest isn’t necessarily best for concussion recovery in children, study says

A study led by Christopher Vaughan, Psy.D., pediatric neuropsychologist, suggests that — despite what many people may presume — getting kids back to school quickly is the best way to boost their chance for a rapid recovery after a concussion.
(CNN)

3. Pediatric hospital beds are in high demand for ailing children. Here’s why

David Wessel, M.D., executive vice president, chief medical officer and physician-in-chief, explained that one reason parents were still having trouble getting their children beds in a pediatric hospital or a pediatric unit after the fall 2022 respiratory surge is that pediatric hospitals are paid less by insurance.
(CNN)

4. Anisha Abraham details impact of social media use on children: ‘True mental health crisis’

Anisha Abraham, M.D., M.P.H., chief of the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, joined America’s Newsroom to discuss the impact social media access has had on children’s mental health.
(FOX News)

5. Saving Antonio: Can a renowned hospital keep a boy from being shot again?

After 13-year-old Antonio was nearly killed outside his mom’s apartment, Children’s National Hospital went beyond treating his bullet wounds. Read how our Youth Violence Intervention Program team supported him and his family during his recovery.
(The Washington Post)

6. Formerly conjoined twins reunite with doctors who separated them

Erin and Jade Buckles underwent a successful separation at Children’s National Hospital. Nearly 20 years later they returned to meet with some of the medical staff who helped make it happen.
(Good Morning America)

7. Asthma mortality rates differ by location, race/ethnicity, age

Shilpa Patel, M.D., M.P.H., medical director of the Children’s National IMPACT DC Asthma Clinic, weighed in on a letter published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, asserting that the disparities in mortality due to asthma in the United States vary based on whether they occurred in a hospital, ethnicity or race and age of the patient.
(Healio)

8. How one Afghan family made the perilous journey across the U.S.-Mexico border

After one family embarked on a perilous journey from Afghanistan through Mexico to the U.S.-Mexico border, they eventually secured entry to the U.S. where Karen Smith, M.D., medical director of Global Services, aided the family’s transition and provided their daughter with necessary immediate medical treatment.
(NPR)

9. When a child is shot, doctors must heal more than just bullet holes

With the number of young people shot by guns on the rise in the U.S., providers and staff at Children’s National Hospital are trying to break the cycle of violence. But it’s not just the physical wounds though that need treating: young victims may also need help getting back on the right track — whether that means enrolling in school, finding a new group of friends or getting a job.
(BBC News)

10. This 6-year-old is a pioneer in the quest to treat a deadly brain tumor

Callie, a 6-year-old diagnosed with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma, was treated with low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) at Children’s National Hospital and is the second child in the world to receive this treatment for a brain tumor. LIFU is an emerging technology that experts like Hasan Syed, M.D., and Adrianna Fonseca, M.D., are trialing to treat this fatal childhood brain tumor.
(The Washington Post)

11. F.D.A. approves sickle cell treatments, including one that uses CRISPR

The FDA approved a new genetic therapy, giving people with sickle cell disease new opportunities to eliminate their symptoms. David Jacobsohn, M.B.A., M.D., confirmed that Children’s National Hospital is one of the authorized treatment centers and talked about giving priority to the sickest patients if they are on Vertex’s list.
(The New York Times)

12. 6-year-old fulfils wish to dance in the Nutcracker

After the potential need for open-heart surgery threatened Caroline’s Nutcracker performance, Manan Desai, M.D., a cardiac surgeon, figured out a less invasive procedure to help reduce her recovery time so she could perform in time for the holidays.
(Good Morning America)

2023 with a lightbulb

The best of 2023 from Innovation District

2023 with a lightbulbAdvanced MRI visualization techniques to follow blood flow in the hearts of cardiac patients. Gene therapy for pediatric patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. 3D-printed casts for treating clubfoot. These were among the most popular articles we published on Innovation District in 2023. Read on for our full list.

1. Advanced MRI hopes to improve outcomes for Fontan cardiac patients

Cardiac imaging specialists and cardiac surgeons at Children’s National Hospital are applying advanced magnetic resonance imaging visualization techniques to understand the intricacies of blood flow within the heart chambers of children with single ventricle heart defects like hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The data allows surgeons to make critical corrections to the atrioventricular valve before a child undergoes the single ventricle procedure known as the Fontan.
(3 min. read)

2. Children’s National gives first commercial dose of new FDA-approved gene therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Children’s National Hospital became the first pediatric hospital to administer a commercial dose of Elevidys (delandistrogene moxeparvovec-rokl), the first gene therapy for the treatment of pediatric patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Elevidys is a one-time intravenous gene therapy that aims to delay or halt the progression of DMD by delivering a modified, functional version of dystrophin to muscle cells.
(2 min. read)

3. New model to treat Becker Muscular Dystrophy

Researchers at Children’s National Hospital developed a pre-clinical model to test drugs and therapies for Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD), a debilitating neuromuscular disease that is growing in numbers and lacks treatment options. The work provides scientists with a much-needed method to identify, develop and de-risk drugs for patients with BMD.
(2 min. read)

4. First infants in the U.S. with specially modified pacemakers show excellent early outcomes

In 2022, five newborns with life-threatening congenital heart disease affecting their heart rhythms were the first in the United States to receive a novel modified pacemaker generator to stabilize their heart rhythms within days of birth. Two of the five cases were cared for at Children’s National Hospital. In a follow-up article, the team at Children’s National shared that “early post-operative performance of this device has been excellent.”
(2 min. read)

5. AI: The “single greatest tool” for improving access to pediatric healthcare

Experts from the Food and Drug Administration, Pfizer, Oracle Health, NVIDIA, AWS Health and elsewhere came together to discuss how pediatric specialties can use AI to provide medical care to kids more efficiently, more quickly and more effectively at the inaugural symposium on AI in Pediatric Health and Rare Diseases, hosted by Children’s National Hospital and the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at Virginia Tech.
(3 min. read)

6. AAP names Children’s National gun violence study one of the most influential articles ever published

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) named a 2019 study led by clinician-researchers at Children’s National Hospital one of the 12 most influential Pediatric Emergency Medicine articles ever published in the journal Pediatrics. The findings showed that states with stricter gun laws and laws requiring universal background checks for gun purchases had lower firearm-related pediatric mortality rates but that more investigation was needed to better understand the impact of firearm legislation on pediatric mortality.
(2 min. read)

7. Why a colorectal transition program matters

Children’s National Hospital recently welcomed pediatric and adult colorectal surgeon Erin Teeple, M.D., to the Division of Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction. Dr. Teeple is the only person in the United States who is board-certified as both a pediatric surgeon and adult colorectal surgeon, uniquely positioning her to care for people with both acquired and congenital colorectal disease and help them transition from pediatric care to adult caregivers.
(3 min. read)

8. First-of-its-kind holistic program for managing pain in sickle cell disease

The sickle cell team at Children’s National Hospital received a grant from the Founders Auxiliary Board to launch a first-of-its-kind, personalized holistic transformative program for the management of pain in sickle cell disease. The clinic uses an inter-disciplinary approach of hematology, psychology, psychiatry, anesthesiology/pain medicine, acupuncture, mindfulness, relaxation and aromatherapy services.
(3 min read)

9. Recommendations for management of positive monosomy X on cell-free DNA screening

Non-invasive prenatal testing using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is currently offered to all pregnant women regardless of the fetal risk. In a study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, researchers from Children’s National Hospital provided context and expert recommendations for maternal and fetal evaluation and management when cfDNA screening is positive for monosomy X or Turner Syndrome.
(2 min. read)

10. Innovation in clubfoot management using 3D anatomical mapping

While clubfoot is relatively common and the treatment is highly successful, the weekly visits required for Ponseti casting can be a significant burden on families. Researchers at Children’s National Hospital are looking for a way to relieve that burden with a new study that could eliminate the weekly visits with a series of 3D-printed casts that families can switch out at home.
(1 min. read)

11. Gender Self-Report seeks to capture the gender spectrum for broad research applications

A new validated self-report tool provides researchers with a way to characterize the gender of research participants beyond their binary designated sex at birth. The multi-dimensional Gender Self-Report, developed using a community-driven approach and then scientifically validated, was outlined in a peer-reviewed article in the American Psychologist, a journal of the American Psychological Association.
(2 min. read)

12. Cardiovascular and bone diseases in chronic kidney disease

In a study published by Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, a team at Children’s National Hospital reviewed cardiovascular and bone diseases in chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease patients with a focus on pediatric issues and concerns.
(1 min. read)

The international NexTGen team

NexTGen team assembles to delve into progress on CAR T-cell therapies

The international NexTGen team assembled at the Children’s National Research & Innovation Campus for their annual meeting to share progress made in their first full year of work on the $25-million Cancer Grand Challenge, focused on creating a CAR T-cell therapy for pediatric solid tumors.

“It was invigorating to bring the whole team together from our eight institutions in the U.S., U.K. and France, as we uncover opportunities in our research and share the headway that we have made,” said Catherine Bollard, M.D., M.B.Ch.B., director of the Center for Cancer and Immunology Research and interim chief academic officer at Children’s National Hospital. “Breakthroughs happen when Team Science collaborates, and that is exactly what is happening here with the NexTGen team.”

Why we’re excited

Over the course of two days, more than 85 team members met to discuss the six work packages that are coming together, with the ambitious goal of making CAR T-cell therapies the standard of care for solid tumors within the next decade:

  • Discovery of new targets
  • The tumor microenvironment
  • Component engineering
  • Integration and modeling
  • Clinical studies
  • Data integration

Each work package includes a patient advocate – individuals with a personal connection to cancer as a family member or survivor – who offers their invaluable perspectives on the research and treatment process. Many attended the meeting, sitting alongside the oncologists, immunologists, mathematicians, molecular biologists and other leading experts.

The big picture

The Cancer Grand Challenges are funded by grants from the National Cancer Institute, Cancer Research U.K. and the Mark Foundation for Cancer Research. Their goal is to drive progress against cancer by empowering global leaders in the research community to take on tough challenges and think differently.

“They call it a ‘grand challenge’ for a reason,” Dr. Bollard said. “It’s going to take the effort and expertise of all these individuals to make a new therapy a reality. I have confidence that we can do it.”

Auditorium at the Cell and Gene Therapy in the DMV Symposium

Cell & Gene Therapy in the DMV: Experts collaborate for cures

Leaders in medicine, academia, industry and state and local government came together for the first annual Cell and Gene Therapy in the DMV Symposium, hosted at the Children’s National Research & Innovation Campus. The mission: Connect the local scientific community – bursting with expertise and collaboration potential – to develop these cutting-edge therapies for cancers, sickle cell disease and immune-mediated disorders.

The daylong event drew over 100 experts from a range of organizations in the D.C, Maryland and Virginia region, sometimes called the DMV: Children’s National Hospital, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Institutes of Health, the General Accounting Office, Virginia Tech, MaxCyte, AstraZeneca, Kite Pharma, Montgomery College, the Maryland State Department of Commerce and more. Together, they unraveled a host of topics including the regulatory environment, workforce development and training, research standards and the promise of these therapies.

“Our Cell & Gene Therapy Symposium brings together our current collaborators and future partners in the D.C., Maryland and Virginia space, which is an incredibly rich area. We see tremendous opportunity and breakthroughs in our future,” said Catherine Bollard, M.D., M.B.Ch.B., interim chief academic officer and chief of Pediatrics at Children’s National Hospital. “Many different diseases rely on the immune system to either be ramped up or to be controlled, and we can seize on these biological processes. Cell and gene therapies are at the heart of where medicine is going.”

The big picture

For decades, oncologists largely have turned to the same menu of treatments to fight cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. Cell and gene therapies offer the promise of training the immune system to fight diseases with fewer side effects and potentially higher success rates. Early work has shown progress in liquid cancers, like leukemia, raising the possibility that the therapies could be used on solid tumors and other disorders, such as lupus and sickle cell disease. However, many disciplines must come together to yield discoveries.

“Nobel Prize-winning work doesn’t necessarily translate into available therapies for patients. It takes a whole community like this to make it happen,” said Cenk Sumen, chief scientific officer at MaxCyte Inc., an international cell engineering company based in Rockville, Md. “It has been exciting to see this diverse group of stakeholders come together, which is probably unmatched anywhere on the planet.”

Why we’re excited

Symposium host Patrick Hanley, Ph.D., chief and director of the Cellular Therapy Program at Children’s National, said the goal was to cement the region as the No. 1 location for this highly technical research and development. He believes Children’s National can offer essential elements to this success, given its clinical and research expertise, workforce training opportunities and geographic proximity to the scientific leadership of the federal government. “What makes us unique is our proximity to all the players who can help create new treatment options for patients. We truly are the biomedical capital of the world,” he said.

Michael Friedlander, vice president for health sciences at Virginia Tech, notes that the earliest stages of invention will emanate from academic labs including those at Virginia Tech and Children’s National. “You have basic scientists who are doing fundamental research on properties and procedures that will lead to the new therapies of tomorrow,” he said. “We are putting in place the fundamental pieces to advance children’s health in all dimensions.”

What’s ahead

One challenge is developing a workforce to help prepare cell therapies for patients, following precise standards to ensure the therapy works as designed. Children’s National does this training, as do others in the region. Lori Kelman, Ph.D., M.B.A., biotechnology coordinator and professor at Montgomery College, said that the area is full of people who want to help people and who like science.

“The thing that people might not know is that you don’t need a Ph.D. to work in cell and gene therapy,” she said. “There are opportunities at all levels, including the entry level, which is where a great career often starts.”

ARPA-H logo

Children’s National selected as member of ARPA-H Investor Catalyst Hub spoke network

ARPA-H logoThe hospital will advocate for the unique needs of children as part of nationwide network working to accelerate transformative health solutions.

Children’s National Hospital was selected as a spoke for the Investor Catalyst Hub, a regional hub of ARPANET-H, a nationwide health innovation network launched by the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Health (ARPA-H).

The Investor Catalyst Hub seeks to accelerate the commercialization of groundbreaking and accessible biomedical solutions. It uses an innovative hub-and-spoke model designed to reach a wide range of nonprofit organizations and Minority-Serving Institutions, with the aim of delivering scalable healthcare outcomes for all Americans.

“The needs of children often differ significantly from those of adults. This partnership reflects our commitment to advancing pediatric healthcare through innovation and making sure we’re addressing those needs effectively,” said Kolaleh Eskandanian, Ph.D., M.B.A., vice president and chief innovation officer at Children’s National. “Leveraging the strength of this hub-and-spoke model, we anticipate delivering transformative solutions to enhance the health and well-being of the patients and families we serve.”

Children’s National joins a dynamic nationwide network of organizations aligned to ARPA-H’s overarching mission to improve health outcomes through the following research focus areas: health science futures, proactive health, scalable solutions and resilient systems. Investor Catalyst Hub spokes represent a broad spectrum of expertise, geographic diversity and community perspectives.

“Our spoke network embodies a rich and representative range of perspectives and expertise,” said Mark Marino, vice president of Growth Strategy and Development for VentureWell and project director for the Investor Catalyst Hub. “Our spokes comprise a richly diverse network that will be instrumental in ensuring that equitable health solutions reach communities across every state and tribal nation.”

As an Investor Catalyst Hub spoke, Children’s National gains access to potential funding and flexible contracting for faster award execution compared to traditional government contracts. Spoke membership also offers opportunities to provide input on ARPA-H challenge areas and priorities, along with access to valuable networking opportunities and a robust resource library.

collage of hyperspectral imaging (sHSI) camera and brain surgery

Novel camera + machine learning = hope for more precise neurosurgery

collage of hyperspectral imaging (sHSI) camera and brain surgery

Researchers at Children’s National Hospital developed a compact imaging camera capable of seeing beyond the human visual spectrum to help segment healthy brain tissue from tumors during surgery. The groundbreaking technology will allow neurosurgeons to make more precise, real-time decisions in the operating room, rather than sending samples to pathology labs for biopsies.

In a manuscript published in Bioengineering, the team of engineers and neurosurgeons details how its snapshot hyperspectral imaging (sHSI) camera can be used to capture and process images of brain tissue, using the wide spectrum of light between visible and infrared wavelengths. That additional information — beyond the human eye — has the potential to allow for more accurate and complete tumor removal.

“In the hands of a neurosurgeon, this camera, when combined with machine learning, could dramatically improve outcomes for some of our most vulnerable brain tumor patients,” said Richard Jaepyeong Cha, Ph.D., an optical engineer and principal investigator at the Sheikh Zayed Institute of Pediatric Surgical Innovation. “We are able to attach the camera to a surgical microscope and process a significant amount of information from the patient while in the operating room. Not only could this lead to more complete tumor resection, it will also allow the surgeon to save as much healthy brain tissue as possible and reduce lifelong neurological complications.”

Why we’re excited

Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children, accounting for the highest number of pediatric cancer deaths globally each year. To develop a treatment plan, neurosurgeons need to understand the tumor’s features, including its type, grade of malignancy, location and its categorization as a primary or metastatic cancer. This information leads to decisions about how to remove or biopsy a tumor.

Under the current protocols, surgeons evaluate tumor margins in the operating room by examining the appearance of the brain tissue and sending out small samples to the pathology department for biopsies. This can lead to longer surgeries and difficult real-time surgical decisions. For instance, some low-grade tumors are visually indistinguishable from healthy brain tissue.

In four investigational cases approved by the hospital’s institutional research board, the sHSI camera was used in the operating room to help segment healthy pediatric brain tissue from tumors. Unlike the conventional red-green-blue (RGB) imaging cameras, which use only those three colors, HSI captures spectral data at each pixel of the image — a task too complex for the human eye — and sends it instantly for processing by an algorithm designed to assist in tumor segmentation.

What’s ahead

Despite the small dataset, the researchers were able to successfully segment healthy brain tissue from lesions with a high specificity during pediatric brain tumor resection procedures. Significant work remains to refine the technology and the machine learning behind it. Researchers also plan to integrate the sHSI camera into a laparoscope to visualize tumors that are not on the brain’s surface and collect data from more angles.

“As we develop these groundbreaking tools, we plan to continue to expand the dataset and refine the algorithm to make pediatric neurosurgery continually more precise,” said Naomi Kifle, M.S., research and development engineer at Children’s National and first author on the paper. “As our dataset grows, we hope to create a model that can distinguish healthy brain tissue, tumor and skull. This groundbreaking surgical tool shows significant promise.”

Winners of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention

AI team wins international competition to measure pediatric brain tumors

Winners of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention
Children’s National Hospital scientists won first place in a global competition to use artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze pediatric brain tumor volumes, demonstrating the team’s ground-breaking advances in imaging and machine learning.

During the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), the Children’s National team demonstrated the most accurate algorithm to study the volume of brain tumors – the most common solid tumors affecting children and adolescents and a leading cause of disease-related death at this young age. The technology could someday help oncologists understand the extent of a patient’s disease, quantify the efficacy of treatments and predict patient outcomes.

“The Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge inspires leaders in medical imaging and deep learning to try to solve some of the most vexing problems facing radiologists, oncologists, computer engineers and data scientists,” said Marius George Linguraru, D.Phil., M.A., M.Sc., the Connor Family Professor in Research and Innovation and principal investigator in the Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation. “I am honored that our team won, and I’m even more thrilled for our clinicians and their patients, who need us to keep moving forward to find new ways to treat pediatric brain tumors.”

Why we’re excited

With roughly 4,000 children diagnosed yearly, pediatric brain tumors are consistently the most common type of pediatric solid tumor, second only to leukemia in pediatric malignancies. At the urging of Linguraru and one of his peers at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, pediatric data was included in the international competition for the first time, helping to ensure that children are represented in medical and technological advances.

The contest required participants to use data from multiple institutions and consortia to test competing methods fairly. The Children’s National team created a method to tap into the power of two types of imaging and machine learning: 3D convolutional neural network and 3D Vision Transformer-based deep learning models. They identified regions of the brain affected by tumors, made shrewd data-processing decisions driven by the team’s experience in AI for pediatric healthcare and achieved state-of-the-art results.

The competition drew 18 teams who are leaders from across the AI and machine learning community. The runner-up teams were from NVIDIA and the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China.

The big picture

“Children’s National has an all-star lineup, and I am thrilled to see our scientists recognized on an international stage,” said interim Executive Vice President and Chief Academic Officer Catherine Bollard, M.D., M.B.Ch.B., director of the Center for Cancer for Immunology Research. “As we work to attack brain tumors from multiple angles, we continue to show our exceptional ability to create new and better tools for diagnosing, imaging and treating these devastating tumors.”

Patient and doctor demoing Rare-CAP technology

M.D. in your pocket: New platform allows rare disease patients to carry medical advice everywhere

When someone has a rare disease, a trip to the emergency room can be a daunting experience: Patients and their caregivers must share the particulars of their illness or injury, with the added burden of downloading a non-specialist on the details of a rare diagnosis that may change treatment decisions.

Innovators at Children’s National Hospital and Vanderbilt University Medical Center, supported by Takeda, are trying to simplify that experience using a new web-based platform called the Rare Disease Clinical Activity Protocols, or Rare-CAP. This revolutionary collection of medical information allows patients to carry the latest research-based guidance about their rare disorders in their phones, providing a simple QR code that can open a trove of considerations for any medical provider to evaluate as they work through treatment options for someone with an underlying rare disease.

“No one should worry about what happens when they need medical help, especially patients with rare diseases,” said Debra Regier, M.D., division chief of Genetics and Metabolism at Children’s National and Rare-CAP’s lead medical advisor. “We built this new tool because I have watched as my patient-families have wound up in an emergency room — after all, kids get sprains or fractures — but they don’t have the expertise of a rare disease specialist with them. My hope is that they’re going to pull out their phones and access Rare-CAP, which will explain their rare disease to a new provider who can provide more thoughtful and meaningful care.”

The big picture

A rare disease is defined as any disorder that affects less than 200,000 people in the United States. Some 30 million Americans are believed to be living with one of the 7,000 known rare disorders tracked by the National Organization of Rare Diseases (NORD). Led by Dr. Regier, the Rare Disease Institute at Children’s National is one of 40 NORD centers for excellence in the country that provide care, guidance and leadership for the wide array of disorders that make up the rare disease community.

While a key goal of Rare-CAP is to bolster patient self-advocacy, the platform will also allow medical providers to proactively search for protocols on rare diseases when they know they need specialized advice from experts at Children’s National, a network of tertiary care centers and patient organizations.

As a leading values-based, R&D-driven biopharmaceutical company, Takeda has committed $3.85 million to the project to help activate meaningful change and empower a brighter future for rare disease communities, providing a unique understanding of the struggle that patients and caregivers face when they need care.

“Our team, alongside the medical and rare disease community, saw the need for a single portal to collect standardized care protocols, and we are thrilled to see this innovative tool come to life,” said Tom Koutsavlis, M.D., head of U.S. Medical Affairs at Takeda. “People with rare diseases and their caregivers need faster access to authoritative medical information that providers anywhere can act on, this will lead to improving the standard of care, accelerating time to diagnosis and breaking down barriers to increase equitable access.”

The patient benefit

The creators of Rare-CAP imagined its use in a wide range of settings, including emergency rooms, surgical suites, dental offices, urgent care offices and school clinics. The platform will eventually profile thousands of rare diseases and lay out the implications for care, while also creating a dynamic conversation among users who can offer updates based on real-world experience and changes in medical guidance.

“Our patients are unique, and so is this tool,” Dr. Regier said. “As we roll out Rare-CAP, we believe it is just the beginning of the conversation to expand the platform and see its power for the patient and provider grow, with each entry and each new rare disease that’s added to the conversation.”

Drs. Robert Keating, Brian Rood and Catherine Bollard

Children’s National announces new professorships

Drs. Robert Keating, Brian Rood and Catherine Bollard

Robert Keating, M.D., Brian Rood, M.D., and Catherine Bollard, M.D., M.B.Ch.B.

Children’s National Hospital named Robert Keating, M.D., as the McCullough Distinguished Professor of Neurosurgery. He serves as the chief of neurosurgery and co-director of the high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) program at Children’s National.

Children’s National Hospital named Brian Rood, M.D., as the Kurt D. Newman, M.D., Professor of Neuro-Oncology. He serves as director of clinical neuro-oncology and medical director of the Brain Tumor Institute at Children’s National.

Children’s National Hospital elevated Catherine Bollard, M.D., M.B.Ch.B., to the Dr. Robert J. and Florence T. Bosworth Distinguished Professor of Cancer and Transplantation Biology Research. She is the Interim Executive Vice President and Chief Academic Officer and Interim Director, Children’s National Research Institute. She also serves as the director of the Center for Cancer and Immunology Research and director of the Program for Cell Enhancement and Technologies for Immunotherapy at Children’s National.

About the awards

Professorships at Children’s National support groundbreaking work on behalf of children and their families and foster new discoveries and innovations in pediatric medicine. These appointments carry prestige and honor that reflect the recipient’s achievements and donor’s forethought to advance and sustain knowledge. Children’s National is grateful for its generous donors, who have funded 47 professorships.

Dr. Keating is a longstanding leader in neurosurgery research and care. His areas of expertise include brain tumors, traumatic brain injuries, craniofacial anomalies, Chiari malformations and spinal dysraphism. With Dr. Keating’s leadership, the neurosurgery department is pioneering innovations such as HIFU, a non-invasive therapy using focused ultrasound waves to ablate a focal area of tissue. It can treat tumors located in difficult locations of the brain, movement disorders and epilepsy. Children’s National was one of the first pediatric hospitals in the nation to use HIFU for neuro-oncology patients.

“Our goal is to elevate our top-ranked program to even greater heights,” says Dr. Keating. “We will continue to use cutting-edge technology and non-invasive approaches to make the knife obsolete in pediatric neurosurgery and improve outcomes for children.”

Dr. Rood studies the biology of pediatric brain tumors. He focuses on protein signatures and biomarkers specific to different types of brain cancers. His study of neoantigens is informing the development of T-cell immunotherapies to target a tumor’s unique proteins.

“Immunotherapy is revolutionizing how we treat childhood brain tumors — safely, effectively and with the precision made possible by using a patient’s own cells,” says Dr. Rood. “This professorship enables our team to advance this revolution, which will save lives and improve lifetimes.”

Dr. Bollard received the Dr. Robert J. and Florence T. Bosworth Professor of Cancer and Transplantation Biology Research in 2018 to support her work to develop cell and gene therapies for patients with cancer and underlying immune deficiencies. Her professorship has been elevated to a distinguished professorship to amplify her research and celebrate her accomplishments in the field of immunotherapy.

About the donor

These appointments were made possible through an extraordinary $96 million investment from an anonymous donor family for rare pediatric brain tumor research and care. It is one of the hospital’s largest donations and will transform the hospital’s ability to give patients with rare brain cancer a better chance at healthy lifetimes.

The anonymous family brings a depth of compassion for children facing rare and often challenging diagnoses. Their partnership will immediately advance every aspect of our globally recognized leadership to create new, more effective treatments.

Their investment also endowed the Professorship in Molecular Neuropathology. We look forward to bestowing that honor on a Children’s National pediatric leader.

model of the brain

A new way to treat pediatric gliomas with BRAF V600 mutations

model of the brain

Gliomas account for 45% of all pediatric tumors of the central nervous system.

Gliomas, which can be classified according to histologic grade as high or low grade, account for 45% of all pediatric tumors of the central nervous system. Detection of the BRAF V600E mutation in pediatric low-grade glioma has been associated with a lower response to standard chemotherapy. In previous trials, dabrafenib (both as monotherapy and in combination with trametinib) has shown efficacy in recurrent pediatric low-grade glioma with BRAF V600 mutations, findings that researchers found warrant further evaluation of this combination as first-line therapy.

The big picture

In a recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, experts found that among a randomized cohort of 110 children with low-grade glioma with BRAF V600 mutations, dabrafenib plus trametinib resulted in significantly more responses, longer progression-free survival and a better safety profile than standard chemotherapy as first-line therapy.

“For the past 20 to 30 years, the only effective safe therapy was chemotherapy. In older children, radiation can also be effective, but there’s reluctance on using radiation on a developing brain,” said Roger Packer, M.D., director of the Brain Tumor Institute at Children’s National Hospital and co-author of the study. “As we learned the specific molecular genetic makeups of these tumors, either high- or low-grade gliomas, we found it to be effective to use molecular therapies. These are safer and more effective than chemotherapy alone.”

Dr. Packer also added that there’s approval from the FDA, proving that the industry sees value in investing in pediatrics.

Why it matters

This randomized trial shows the superiority of dabrafenib plus trametinib as a first systemic therapy for pediatric patients with low-grade glioma with BRAF V600 mutations as compared with carboplatin plus vincristine, the standard chemotherapy approach. This benefit was evident in the higher independently determined response, longer progression-free survival and better side-effect profile as reflected in the lower frequency of treatment discontinuation because of toxicity.

“Children treated with a molecular targeted therapy could safely tolerate the therapy and had better outcomes than children who were treated with chemotherapy,” Dr. Packer added.

Overall, these findings show the value of early molecular testing in children with low-grade glioma to determine the presence or absence of BRAF V600 mutations.

You can read the full study “Dabrafenib plus Trametinib in Pediatric Glioma with BRAF V600 Mutations” here.

Sickle Cell Anemia 3D Illustration

New telemedicine-based behavioral intervention program eases pain of patients with SCD

Sickle Cell Anemia 3D Illustration

Telemedicine-based behavioral interventions can reduce pain-related functional impairment in youth with SCD.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) pain is often associated with functional impairment and treatment is often limited to pharmacological approaches with unwanted side effects. Behavioral interventions are common for non-SCD pain populations, but interventions designed to address pain-related impairment in SCD are lacking.

In a recent study published in Pediatric Blood & Cancer, researchers conducted a pilot of a 4-week behavioral pain intervention for youth with SCD delivered via telemedicine known as the Balance Program.

Using an innovative combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and acceptance-based approaches, researchers found that the intervention was feasible, evidenced by youth and caregiver ratings of high acceptability and satisfaction and excellent treatment completion rates. In addition, youth and their caregivers both reported significant reductions in the degree to which SCD pain interfered with daily activities after the treatment.

What’s been the hold-up in the field?

Researchers and clinicians know that there is a strong psychological component to all experiences of pain and there has been growing evidence in recent decades regarding the effectiveness of behavioral therapies for reducing pain and improving functioning.

“However, sickle cell disease presents unique challenges because unlike many pain presentations, it is common for patients with sickle cell disease to experience both acute and chronic pain, making treatment recommendations less clear,” said Megan Connolly, Ph.D., psychologist at Children’s National Hospital and the study’s lead author. “Previous studies have rarely focused on reducing pain-related disability, which is important for optimizing quality of life.”

How does this work move the field forward?

This study demonstrated the feasibility and acceptability of a telemedicine-based behavioral intervention to reduce pain-related functional impairment in youth with SCD. Nearly all youth and their caregivers rated the intervention as moderately or highly acceptable and 90% of patients completed the full treatment program.

“Moreover, the Balance Program resulted in significant reductions in the extent to which sickle cell disease pain interfered with daily activities,” Dr. Connolly added.

What about the findings is exciting?

This research explains what experts can be doing to reduce the impact of pain on the lives of children and adolescents with SCD. Through their findings, researchers learned that a telemedicine-based behavioral pain intervention, which is often more convenient for families than traveling to the hospital for weekly visits, can meaningfully reduce the impact of pain on daily living.

“It is one thing to develop a program that you think will be helpful, but it’s another thing to develop a program that families will be interested in and doesn’t add unnecessary stress to their lives,” Dr. Connolly said. “Although this study had a relatively small sample, I was also excited to see the magnitude of improvements in pain-related impairment, which was quite large. We plan to continue refining this treatment based on patient and caregiver feedback and looking for ways to increase accessibility to these types of treatments for sickle cell disease pain.”

little girl with cancer

A destination for pediatric oncology care: Children’s National Hospital’s T-cell therapy trials

When children are diagnosed with pediatric cancer, most doctors are forced to reach for the same standard therapies that were available decades ago. Research oncologists at Children’s National Hospital are changing that with clinical trials that will hopefully train the body’s immune system – specifically its T cells – to fight the tumors.

Holly Meany, M.D., and her colleague Amy Hont, M.D., oncologists and research scientists at the Center for Cancer and Immunology Research, have put together a pair of clinical trials that are investigating two pathways for using T cells to go after solid tumors.

“At Children’s National, we have a novel immunotherapy to offer to patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors,” said Meany, director of the Solid Tumor Program. “This is a patient population who has failed standard therapy, so new technologies and treatments are always needed in this group.”

Where we started

Meany’s trial laid the foundation. She began the center’s research using a patient’s own blood sample to develop a targeted therapy and evaluate the safety and efficacy of this approach. In her study, scientists isolated the T cells, grew millions in a lab and reinfused them into the patient. The cells were replicated in an environment that was rich in three proteins that are commonly found on the surface of solid tumor cancer cells.

“Our hope and hypothesis are that when we give the T cells back to the patient, those T cells circulate and hunt down the cancer cells that have the tumor proteins,” Meany said. “We are hoping to use the patient’s own immune system to attack the cancer in an enduring way.”

Where we are headed

Hont’s phase 1 trial, which is currently recruiting participants, builds on Meany’s work using a healthy donor whose T cells have not been impacted by chemotherapy or other treatments. The cells can be prepared, stored and readily available for patients who need them. They are also matched through specific proteins on the patient’s own cells to bolster their effectiveness. The participants in this trial have Wilms tumors, rhabdomyosarcoma, neurosarcoma, soft tissue sarcoma or neuroblastoma, but conventional therapies including chemotherapy, radiation or surgery were unable to fully treat the disease.

In both studies, Hont said that the T cells have been given in an outpatient setting with fewer side effects compared to other cancer treatments aimed at high-risk malignancies.

“This allows patients to really maintain a good quality of life during a particularly hard time,” Hont said. “Also, these T cells are designed to act in the body the way that our immune system acts in a physiologic way. This means patients typically don’t have the severe side effects that we think of with chemotherapy or other therapies.”

Children’s National leads the way

The team at Children’s National is one of the few in the country to offer this kind of T-cell therapy for solid tumors. “Immunotherapy has been challenging for this patient population because the tumors are adept at finding out ways to evade treatment,” Hont said. “Giving patients a chance to receive a targeted T-cell therapy, while also maintaining a high quality of life, is something that’s special here.”

illustration of a nuclesome

Researchers publish first-ever atlas of cancerous mutations in histones

Leading genetic researchers at Children’s National Hospital have published the first pan-cancer atlas of key mutations that can drive molecular changes leading to tumors, creating a roadmap that could lead to new treatments for brain tumors and other cancers.

The research – published in npj Genomic Medicine – presents the first-of-its-kind atlas of histone mutations across pediatric, adolescent/young adult and adult cancers. The novel genetic work offers a framework allowing specific cancers to be redefined in the context of changes in histones, which are essential proteins that provide the structural support for chromosomes.

The big picture

“One of the major challenges that we face every day with pediatric, aggressive tumors, including pediatric high-grade gliomas, is that these tumors grow fast. Doctors often have to give patients 9 to 12 months from diagnosis,” said Javed Nazarian, Ph.D., scientific director of the Brain Tumor Institute at Children’s National and principal investigator at the Center for Genetic Medicine Research. “Children’s National has put together a team of clinicians that are truly devoted to finding a therapy for pediatric high-grade gliomas and aggressive pediatric brain tumors. Our dedicated team empowers translational research, from bench to bedside and reverse translation.”

In 2023, the American Cancer Society estimates that 9,910 children under age 15 will be diagnosed with cancer, making it the second leading cause of death among children. Because of treatment advances, 85% will survive, but many will be left with lifelong disabilities from their treatment. Nazarian and his team believe that identifying the underlying molecular alterations leading to cancers will be essential to finding new therapies that extend life expectancies and preserve quality of life.

The fine print

Histones are essential cellular structures, which prevent DNA from getting tangled. Nazarian and other researchers are investigating whether errors in histones could lead to cancers, including high-grade gliomas and other particularly sinister tumors that can strike young children. By mapping the mutations of the histone-encoding genes, Nazarian and his team believe they can find the drivers of tumors in many pediatric and adult cancers. In studying more than 12,000 tumors for the pan-cancer atlas, they cataloged patient ages, survival outcomes and tumor locations to reveal important trends among different cancers.

Overall, the team found that 11% of tumors had somatic histone mutations, with the highest rates observed among chondrosarcoma, a type of bone cancer (67%); pediatric high-grade glioma, a type of cancer that attacks glial cells in the brain and spinal cord (>60%); and lymphoma, a category of cancers in the lymph system (>30%).

“I think one implication of our study is that we are looking at the epigenomic changes of these mutations in a new light,” Nazarian said. “These mutations are not just specific to a particular tumor type, but they are indeed across a large spectrum of cancer types, and they come in different flavors that could potentially show a new avenue for treatments.”

Eugene Hwang

Eugene Hwang, M.D., appointed chief of Oncology

Eugene Hwang

Dr. Hwang has been part of the Children’s National team for 13 years and most recently served as the associate chief of Oncology.

Eugene (Gene) Hwang, M.D., has been appointed to the role of chief of Oncology at Children’s National Hospital.

Dr. Hwang has been part of the Children’s National team for 13 years and most recently served as the associate chief of Oncology.

“I joined the division in 2010, fairly new to the job and hoping to simply learn how to treat pediatric cancer. Thirteen years later, I have learned from an almost overwhelming number of people – colleagues, mentors, patients and their families,” Dr. Hwang said. “Our field constantly reminds us of the urgent need for better treatments; in pursuit of that goal, the program at Children’s National has innovated at a level which has taught me the importance of translational and clinical research, connections within our team and the community, and above all, our commitment to our patients. I am honored and excited to help lead this team to continue in their mission to cure more children of their cancer and with fewer side effects.”

Dr. Hwang received his degree in cell and molecular biology from Rice University and a medical degree from Duke University. He completed a pediatrics residency at Brown University/Hasbro Children’s Hospital and returned to Duke for fellowships in pediatric hematology/oncology and pediatric neuro-oncology.

Since Dr. Hwang joined Children’s National in 2010, he has risen to international prominence for his expertise in pediatric brain tumors. Dr. Hwang holds study leadership roles in several research consortia, including the Children’s Oncology Group (COG), Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium (PBTC), Collaborative Network for Neuro-Oncology Clinical Trials (CONNECT), Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Consortium (PNOC) and the Collaborative Ependymoma Research Network (CERN).

At Children’s National, he serves as principal investigator for two investigator-initiated studies and is the recipient of a Department of Defense IMPACT grant, the collaborative awardee on multiple NIH grants, and numerous foundation grants.  He has served on several of our clinical and scientific committees, such as director of neuro-oncology fellowship program and vice chair of Children’s National Brain Tumor Institute. In addition, Dr. Hwang was recently installed as the inaugural William Seamus Hughes Professor of Neuro-oncology and Immunology.

“The division already has established itself as one of the premier pediatric oncology programs in the world,” Dr. Hwang added. “Being able to offer an even more cutting-edge therapy so that every child treated at Children’s National has the ability to access world-class treatment is a primary goal of our division and I hope to see our team extend its reach of transformative treatments for more children with cancer.”

Microscopic view of thalassemia

What it means to be a designated treatment center for beta thalassemia

Microscopic view of thalassemia

ZYNTEGLO® (betibeglogene autotemcel) is an FDA-approved gene therapy for transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia, which is an inherited blood disorder that causes the body to make less hemoglobin, resulting in anemia.

Children’s National Hospital is a designated qualified treatment center for Beta Thalassemia Gene Therapy. ZYNTEGLO® (betibeglogene autotemcel) is an FDA-approved gene therapy for transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia, which is an inherited blood disorder that causes the body to make less hemoglobin, resulting in anemia.

This unique therapy is made specifically for each child or adult, by adding functional copies of the beta-globin gene to their own blood stem cells. Most patients with beta thalassemia who have received a one-time ZYNTEGLO® treatment have been able to produce sufficient hemoglobin because of the treatment, freeing them from regular blood transfusions.

Evelio Perez, M.D., and Robert Nickel, M.D., lead the gene therapy program and discuss the importance of offering this gene therapy to patients with beta thalassemia.

Q: What has been the hold-up in this field and how does this work move the field forward?

A: Stem cell transplant using a donor’s cells (called allogeneic transplant) has been a curative treatment option for patients with beta thalassemia for many years. Unfortunately, many patients do not have a suitable donor. And, even for patients who have a donor, allogenic transplants have serious risks including a problem called graft versus host disease (GVHD) in which the new donor cells attack the patient’s body. Gene therapy like ZYNTEGLO® has no risk of GVHD because we use the patient’s own cells.

Q: How will this benefit patients? What excites you most about this advancement?

A: This treatment will give almost every patient with beta thalassemia the option of undergoing curative therapy. This is obviously exciting for patients because it means they no longer need to come to the hospital every 3-4 weeks for transfusions as well as take medications to treat the dangerous accumulation of iron in their body. It is also good for the health system because it will allow donated blood to go to other patients in need.

Q: How is Children’s National leading in this space?

A: This therapy really requires a multi-disciplinary team including members of the transplant, hematology, apheresis, stem cell lab and others! At Children’s National we have the experts on these teams and experience working together. As one of the largest sickle cell disease centers in the country, we are participating in research to hopefully help bring gene therapy to patients with sickle cell disease in the near future too.

child in hospital bed

$96 million philanthropic investment will transform rare pediatric brain tumor research and care

child in hospital bedChildren’s National Hospital announced a $96 million investment from an anonymous donor family to transform rare childhood brain tumor research and care. The donation, which strengthens our globally recognized leadership in the field, is one of the largest in the hospital’s history.

Children’s National will harness the investment to recruit more top talent and advance the most promising research. This will produce safer, more effective treatments. It also will elevate standards of care to help children with rare brain tumors thrive for a lifetime.

The big picture

Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors affecting children. They are especially challenging in kids because their brains are still developing. The disease and current treatments can put them at risk for lifelong complications.

The anonymous family’s investment provides new hope for patients who face rare and often challenging brain tumor diagnoses — in the Washington, D.C., community and around the world.

“This incredible partnership will lift up one of the nation’s top pediatric brain tumor programs into the stratosphere,” said Kurt Newman, M.D., president and CEO of Children’s National. “It will immediately propel our best-in-class research and care, allowing us to bring new therapies to children with brain tumors. This fundamentally changes the healthcare journey and long-term outcomes for children and their families.”

Why it’s important

This transformational investment will have a far-reaching impact on our ability to save and improve the lives of children with brain tumors. Funds will fuel collaborative breakthroughs across a range of scientific and psychosocial approaches.

The partnership will supercharge highly individualized and promising treatments for children with brain tumors. We will radically transform the research landscape with a focus on:

  • Low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) – Advancing laboratory research and a clinical program designed to treat childhood brain tumors with LIFU therapy
  • Cellular immunotherapy – Testing new gene-engineered immune cell products and accelerating their integration into standards of care
  • Rare Brain Tumor Program – Propelling new clinical trials through the hospital’s national and global leadership in pediatric brain tumor consortia. Already, Children’s National is leading a new collaborative with hospitals in North America, South America and Europe to better understand and find novel treatments for these rare diseases
  • Neurosurgery innovation – Exploring multiple ways to perform safer, more effective neurosurgery and developing new methods to enhance drug/agent delivery
  • Precision medicine – Recruiting leading scientists to advance biology-informed therapies that can be targeted for children across a spectrum of brain tumors
  • Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) facility – Expanding our GMP, one of the first standalone facilities at a children’s hospital in the country, to translate new discoveries into clinical trials more rapidly
  • Additional priorities including expansion of clinical research infrastructure and growth of bioinformatics, brain tumor repository and molecular diagnostics initiatives

The partnership also transforms how we approach care. It will power our pursuit of psychosocial, behavioral health and neuroscientific initiatives to help kids live well and cope with the unique circumstances of their diagnosis. We will focus on:

  • Lifetime health and wellness – Building a world-class research and clinical care program to shape a new paradigm for supporting a child’s physical and emotional health during and long after cancer treatment
  • Child Mental Health & Behavioral Brain Tumor Lab – Establishing a robust neuro-oncology mental health program that delivers timely interventions and specialized psychiatric care for patient well-being
  • Additional priorities including a new Neuroscience Nursing Excellence Program and growth of psychosocial support activities that bring comfort and encouragement to children during their treatment journey

Children’s National is proud to lead the way to a better future for pediatric rare brain tumor patients and expand our internationally recognized capabilities for neuro-oncology care.

U.S. News Badges

Children’s National Hospital ranked #5 in the nation on U.S. News & World Report’s Best Children’s Hospitals Honor Roll

U.S. News BadgesChildren’s National Hospital in Washington, D.C., was ranked #5 in the nation on the U.S. News & World Report 2023-24 Best Children’s Hospitals annual rankings. This marks the seventh straight year Children’s National has made the Honor Roll list. The Honor Roll is a distinction awarded to only 10 children’s hospitals nationwide.

For the thirteenth straight year, Children’s National also ranked in all 10 specialty services, with eight specialties ranked in the top 10 nationally. In addition, the hospital was ranked best in the Mid-Atlantic for neonatology, cancer, neurology and neurosurgery.

“Even from a team that is now a fixture on the list of the very best children’s hospitals in the nation, these results are phenomenal,” said Kurt Newman, M.D., president and chief executive officer of Children’s National. “It takes a ton of dedication and sacrifice to provide the best care anywhere and I could not be prouder of the team. Their commitment to excellence is in their DNA and will continue long after I retire as CEO later this month.”

“Congratulations to the entire Children’s National team on these truly incredible results. They leave me further humbled by the opportunity to lead this exceptional organization and contribute to its continued success,” said Michelle Riley-Brown, MHA, FACHE, who becomes the new president and CEO of Children’s National on July 1. “I am deeply committed to fostering a culture of collaboration, empowering our talented teams and charting a bold path forward to provide best in class pediatric care. Our focus will always remain on the kids.”

“I am incredibly proud of Kurt and the entire team. These rankings help families know that when they come to Children’s National, they’re receiving the best care available in the country,” said Horacio Rozanski, chair of the board of directors of Children’s National. “I’m confident that the organization’s next leader, Michelle Riley-Brown, will continue to ensure Children’s National is always a destination for excellent care.”

The annual rankings are the most comprehensive source of quality-related information on U.S. pediatric hospitals and recognizes the nation’s top 50 pediatric hospitals based on a scoring system developed by U.S. News.

“For 17 years, U.S. News has provided information to help parents of sick children and their doctors find the best children’s hospital to treat their illness or condition,” said Ben Harder, chief of health analysis and managing editor at U.S. News. “Children’s hospitals that are on the Honor Roll transcend in providing exceptional specialized care.”

The bulk of the score for each specialty service is based on quality and outcomes data. The process includes a survey of relevant specialists across the country, who are asked to list hospitals they believe provide the best care for patients with the most complex conditions.

The eight Children’s National specialty services that U.S. News ranked in the top 10 nationally are:

The other two specialties ranked among the top 50 were cardiology and heart surgery, and urology.

Germ cell tumor of testicle under microscopy

New research: Genes that drive testicular cancer identified

In the largest sequencing study to date on testicular cancer, researchers at Children’s National Hospital have identified genes that contribute to testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), the most common cancer among young, white men.

The findings, published in European Urology, provide direction for future screening and treatment of this disease, which can strike during the teen years and often runs in families. While treatable when identified early, testicular cancer leads to infertility, mental health issues and sometimes death, making its identification crucial for young adults.

“Testicular cancer is really a young person’s disease,” said Louisa Pyle, M.D., Ph.D. , a pediatrician, medical geneticist and research geneticist at the Children’s National Rare Disease Institute. “Most folks who have testicular cancer are between the ages of 15 and 45. Even though testicular cancer is relatively rare in the cancer world, it results in the greatest number of years lost among all adult cancers.”

What we hope to discover

Dr. Pyle led a research team that included experts at the National Cancer Institute and the University of Pennsylvania to study families with multiple members diagnosed with testicular cancer. They used whole exome sequencing to identify variants in many genes that predisposed patients to TGCT. Their work suggests that multiple variants – inherited together – increased the risk for the disease and provides potential routes for drugs that could be used for prevention and treatment.

“We found many genes that help us understand how testicular cancer happens,” Dr. Pyle said. “Our hope is that we can use that to try to come up with better treatments or better ways to preserve fertility for people with testicular cancer or gonadal differences.”

The patient benefit

Testicular cancer most often strikes men of European ancestry. It is also more common among intersex patients and those with differences in sex development, which is a clinical and research focus for Dr. Pyle. Medically, these are children who have a change in the biological characteristics of sex, including their chromosomes, hormones, gonads or physical body parts.

By studying a more common version of testicular cancer, the team learned about the underlying genetics in a way that will benefit intersex patients.

“One of the things we do in medicine is study a common version of the rare thing,” Dr. Pyle said.  “Through this research, we learned that the same genes that cause intersex traits in some patients are also changed in subtle ways for people with testicular cancer. This is a way to study something that could improve care for those kids, by studying a group that has greater numbers.”

Eugene Hwang

Eugene Hwang, M.D., named as William Seamus Hughes Professor of Neuro-oncology and Immunology

Eugene HwangChildren’s National Hospital named Eugene Hwang, M.D., the inaugural William Seamus Hughes Professor of Neuro-oncology and Immunology. This professorship is the first at Children’s National to focus exclusively on these two pediatric specialties.

Dr. Hwang serves as associate chief of oncology, director of the Clinical Neuro-oncology Immunotherapeutics Program and director of the Neuro-oncology Fellowship Program. He is an associate professor of pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

About the award

Dr. Hwang joins a distinguished group of 42 Children’s National physicians and scientists who hold an endowed chair. Professorships at Children’s National support groundbreaking work on behalf of children and their families and foster new discoveries and innovations in pediatric medicine. These appointments carry prestige and honor that reflect the recipient’s achievements and donor’s forethought to advance and sustain knowledge.

Dr. Hwang has dedicated much of his career to the pursuit of new therapies that improve outcomes for children with brain cancer. He has led many early phase clinical trials on immunotherapeutics, gene therapy and new targeted agents. He participates in international studies focused on reducing harmful side effects of standard treatments. He serves as the principal investigator for the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium and co-chairs their Immunotherapy Working Group. Dr. Hwang also lends his time to grant review committees and the scientific advisory boards of several large foundations.

Claire and Kevin Hughes, through their vision and generosity, are ensuring that Dr. Hwang and future holders of this professorship will launch new initiatives to rapidly advance the fields of pediatric neuro-oncology and immunotherapy, elevate our leadership and improve outcomes for children diagnosed with brain cancer.

About the donors

Claire and Kevin Hughes established this professorship with support from community partners in loving memory of their son William Seamus Hughes (Willie). Their dedication to giving all children a chance for life has helped launch groundbreaking trials and research at Children’s National, including one of the first trials in the U.S. to use cell therapy to treat brain tumors.

“Working with Willie meant working with a young man who embodied a resilient, cheerful spirit that was truly remarkable,” said Dr. Hwang. “It meant fighting side-by-side with a walking inspiration, who I continue to remember and who continues to drive the mission of curing childhood brain cancer. I’m deeply honored to ensure that Willie’s spirit and bravery lives on in the promise to other families that face a devastating brain tumor diagnosis.”