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The hybrid tracking mount for the LUS transducer

New hybrid approach for AR visualization of ultrasound images has surgical use

Children’s National Hospital researchers combined augmented reality (AR) and ultrasound imaging technologies to improve visualization during laparoscopic procedures. The patent-pending hybrid tracking method improved accuracy compared with hardware-based and computer vision-based approaches, according to the pre-clinical study published in the Journal of Medical Imaging.

“The system that we developed can work reliably under challenging intraoperative conditions, which is exciting for us,” said Raj Shekhar, M.S., Ph.D., principal investigator at Children’s National and senior author in the study. “The surgical view is usually very complex with various tissues, tools, blood and smoke in the view. Our system has been evaluated on pre-clinical models and has shown to provide acceptable overlay accuracy even during extreme conditions.”

Augmented reality for surgery is an emerging trend, consisting of a computer-generated image for the operating surgeon to see. While using ultrasound during surgery allows the doctor to see the organ’s internal structures, when combined, the AR system significantly improves the surgeon’s comprehension of the ultrasound image in the context of the surgical view.

“The AR system that we developed will benefit patients because AR-guided surgeries can be more precise, safer and faster,” said Shekhar. “Through sustained research and development effort and robust clinical-technical partnership, Children’s National is leading in clinical translation and technology transfer of the laparoscopic AR visualization technology. Other solutions are more laboratory-based while our focus has been on building a clinically practical and viable solution from day one.”

Laparoscopic surgery is known to improve outcomes, cause less scarring and speed the recovery process since the surgeons create small incisions with the aid of a camera. Still, doctors have a limited view of anatomic structures and surgical targets below the exposed surfaces.

Given that AR is an emerging technology, this work would not have been possible until recently. According to the researchers, no other scientists in the field take advantage of both tracking hardware and computer vision-based approaches.

“This work is important because it features best of both worlds: relying on tracking hardware to ensure robustness while using computer vision to enhance accuracy. This will generate a more accurate and reliable AR system which is more feasible for clinical use,” said Shekhar.

The hybrid tracking mount for the LUS transducer

The hybrid tracking mount for the LUS transducer. The mount contains a six-DOF EM sensor and an AB with 21 markers fixed on three flat surfaces.

StethAid is a low-cost mobile device-based digital stethoscope that lets pediatric healthcare providers know instantly if a heart murmur is innocent or a signal of a more pathological heart problem

AusculTech DX wins Washington Business Journal 2017 Innovation Award

StethAid is a low-cost mobile device-based digital stethoscope that lets pediatric healthcare providers know instantly if a heart murmur is innocent or a signal of a more pathological heart problem

StethAid is a low-cost mobile device-based digital stethoscope that lets pediatric healthcare providers know instantly if a heart murmur is innocent or a signal of a more pathological heart problem.

AusculTech DX, a start-up company that formed within the Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation at Children’s National Health System, was selected as a Washington Business Journal 2017 Innovation Award honoree for their device, StethAid.

StethAid is a low-cost mobile device-based digital stethoscope that lets pediatric healthcare providers know instantly if a heart murmur is innocent or a signal of a more pathological heart problem. The device was developed by Robin Doroshow, M.D., a pediatric cardiologist at Children’s National, and Raj Shekhar, Ph.D., a principal investigator with the Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation at Children’s National to help eliminate unnecessary referrals of patients with Still’s murmurs to pediatric cardiologists.

In studying her extensive library of recorded heartbeats, Dr. Doroshow noticed that the Still’s murmur had the same distinct musical tone, regardless of the patient’s age, size and heart rate. When she realized that there was likely a way to teach a computer to recognize the tone, she approached Shekhar with her idea. He developed a highly accurate computer algorithm, based on AI (artificial intelligence) principles, to recognize the consistent Still’s tone and worked to develop the digital device. In early 2015, the team formed AusculTech DX. In early 2016, a clinical prototype was developed and they began testing the device.

The Washington Business Journal’s annual Innovation Awards honor Greater Washington companies, agencies and teams working to keep the metro on the cutting edge in tech, health care, cybersecurity and more. AusculTech DX was one of the 15 honorees selected for the 2017 Innovation Awards.